Kentucky and Tennessee seem to run together in genealogical research. The reason is that as the mountains were explored, people pushed further west. Too, counties and State borders were changed. As part of Stewart County, Tennessee was drawn off, those records fell in Robertson County. Too, land in Trigg and Christian Counties, Kentucky may have also been part of Tennessee. The same thing happens along the North Carolina and Virginia borders. The Cumberland trail through Virginia into Tennessee is prime suspect for research for any ancestor who traveled on the Wilderness Trail from Pennsylvania. Also, the state of Franklin in 1786 encompassed Northeast Tennessee, specifically the counties of Blount, Sevier, Greene, Spencer, Washington, Caswell, Sullivan and Wayne. Wayne County today encompasses Johnson and Carter Counties. The thing to remember is the Wilderness Trail, and follow that map. Also, remember that Indian troubles in the Smoky Mountains were driving settlers into other regions. While immigrants gambled on the acquisition of land grants in the West, others went back East. A worthy note is that the county (or State) of the land grant location may not be in Virginia or North Carolina because of boundary changes.
Remembering the Restrictions of the Mother Country
When the county records in Kentucky are exhausted, the genealogist directs his eye towards Virginia and Pennsylvania.It is not surprising to learn that this genealogy could easily trace back to the early 1600s. Generally, people in New England seemed to gravitate Westward, particularly during the 18th and 19th centuries. The attract was land. It was always land because as fields wore out, there was a greater need for fertile soil. Too, the incentive to move westward was not only land grants and homestead tracts, but the idea of mining gold and silver. There were more interesting reasons for moving West than there was to remain behind and build a homestead in the original thirteen colonies. The first settlers in America were true adventurers, with the spirit of freedom. These are the ones who did not wish to remain in European towns and restricted by class restrictions from individual ambition. Class distinctions were a loud reminder that a yeoman could never be a gentleman or rise in class. Even the gentry was required to dress in the clothes in the clothing of a tradesman, and so on. The American colonies offered broad opportunities. Is it any wonder that there were so many patriots willing to fight the Mother Country for freedom? That is who they were.
The Battle of Fallen Timbers played out on August 20, 1794 was the final battle of a struggle between Native American tribes affiliated with the Western Confederacy. It included support from the British led by Captain Alexander McKillop against the United States for control of the Northwest Territory. All of the land East of the Mississippi River and Southwest of the Great Lakes north of the Ohio River had been ceded to the United States during the 1783 Treaty of Paris. Howeber, the British and Indians who were not a party thereto refused to comply and relinquish control. The battle ended most of the hostilities in the region until the War of Tecumseh and the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. As American settlers began moving into the Ohio Country, they were regarded as intruders by the Natives. Shawnees during the Revolutionary WarThe Battle of Little Mountain
Wayne County Wills, Estates, Marriages
Wayne County was formed December 13, 1800 from Pulaski and Cumberland Counties. It was named after General "Mad Anthony" Wayne, a hero of the American Revolutionary War as well as the Northwest Indian War. It was his victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers which ended the Indian threat against Kentucky settlers. The Americans lost 33 soldiers during this battle, while the Indians lost twice as many with a retreat to the British-built fort of Miamis on the Maumee River.Wayne County fought for the Confederates during the War Between the States and in 1861, the Confederate Government of Kentucky passed an Act to rename Wayne County to Zollicoffer County in honor of Felix Zollicoffer who died at the Battle of Mill Springs.Shawnees during the Revolutionary WarColonel HendersonThe Battle of Little Mountain