Jeannette Holland Austin Profile
The Confession of Beauchamp
By Jeannette Holland Austin
From the Nashville Whig. The publication known as the "Confession of Jeroboam O. Beauchamp who was executed in Frankfort, Kentucky on the 7th of July 1826, for the Murder of Colonel Solomon P. Sharp, consisted of 130 pp."Mingling with my acquaintances of the bar at Glasgow, and those attending the courts there, from Bowling Green, I was attracted by a general burst amongst them, to words of Colonel Solomon P. Sharp of Bowling Green, for the seduction of Miss Ann Cook of that place. "Ann Cook resided with her mother in the neighborhood of hi father. He became acquainted with her and asked for her hand, which she refused. She then told him that she sought the revenge of the villain, Colonel Sharp, and would give her hand to anyone who would revenge her honor. Source:The Southern Recorder, Milledgeville, 13 March 1827.
Notes on Kentucky in the Kentucky Gazette
By Jeannette Holland Austin
"This country was well known to the Indian traders many years before its settlement. They gave a description of it to Lewis Evans, who published his first map of it as early as 1752. In the year 1750, Dr. Thomas Walker, Colby Chew, Ambrose Powell and several others from the counties of Orange and Culpepper, in the state of Virginia, set out on an excursion to the Western Waters; they traveled down the Holstein river, and crossed over the Mountains into Powell's valley, thence across the Cumberland mountain at the gap where the road now crosses, proceeded on across what was formerly known by the name of the Wilderness until they arrived at the Hazlepath; here the company divided, Dr. Walker with a part continued north until they came to the Kentucky river which they named Louisa or Levisa river. After traveling down the excessive broken or hilly margin some distance they became dissatisfied and returned and continued up one of its branches to its head, and crossed over the mountains to New River at the place called Walker's Meadows." Concerning the 1750 explorations of Kentucky it is belive that the meadows were located in central Kentucky. The Loyal Land Company, organized in 1749, secured a land grant of some 800,000 acres to be located in what is now Kentucky. Walker set out from his home (Castle Hill) in Charlottesville, Virginia during 1750 and passed through Cumberland Gap in April. He called the steep cliff "Steep Ridge"
" In the year 1754 James McBride with some others, passed down the Ohio river in canoes, and landed at the mouth of the Kentucky river, where they marked on a tree the initials of their names, and the date of the year. These men passed through the country and were the first who gave a particular account of its beauty and richness of soil to the inhabitants of the British settlements in America. No further notice seems to have been taken of Kentucky until the year 1767, when John Finlay with others (whilst trading with the Indians) passed through a part of the rich lands of Kentucky. It was then called by the Indians in their language, the Dark and Bloody Grounds. Some difference took place between these traders and the Indians, and Finlay deemed it prudent to return to his residence in North Carolina, where he communicated his knowledge of the country to Colonel Daniel Boone and others. This seems to have been one of the most important events in the history of Kentucky, as it was the exciting cause which prompted Colonel Boone shortly afterwards to make his first visit to the Dark and Bloody Grounds." Sources: From the Kentucky Gazette (August 25, 1826); Kentucky's Last Frontier by Henry P. Scalf: ?History of Thomas Walker Explorations.
How Family Stories Shape the Future
By Jeannette Holland Austin (profile)
Little children love to hear family stories. In fact, they have a deep need for them. The reason is to learn more about their own identity. It is satisfying to learn how grandma made a funny mistake, or how others handled difficult times. What family story does not begin with "Times were harder when I was growning up," etc. Did you play with toys? Or, did your great grandmother spend her evenings sewing dolls for Christmas? Then there is Uncle Joe who owned a T-model Ford. The further that we trace back in time, the more that we learn about ourselves. We resemble our families in temperament and appearance but how do we resemble them in their struggles and the wars which they fought for the future? Something to think about.
4th Kentucky Infantry in Somerset, Kentucky
The 4th Kentucky Infantry was organized on September 13, 1861, at Camp Burnett in Tennessee but soon after its muster moved North into Kentucky to occupy Bowling Green. The regiment lost 49% of its strength during the two-day battle of Shiloh and afterwards retreated Corinth, Mississippi where, after the battle, the regiment was ordered to Vicksburg, Mississippi. The 4th Kentucky Infantry was then ordered to reinforce General Braxton Bragg of the Kentucky Campaign which was North of Knoxville, Tennessee. The regiment was within twenty miles when Bragg retreated. On January 2, 1863, the 4th came under heavy fire at the Battle of Stones River as was ordered by Bragg to attack an area being defended by division commander Major General John C. Breckinridge. The First Kentucky Brigade led the charge but was soon met by heavy Union Army artillery fire wherein a number of men were mortally lost, including Brigade commander Brigadier General Roger Hanson. When they were ordered back to Vicksburg, but the army had already surrendered. The brigade fell back to Jackson, Mississippi, where it was attacked in mid-July. During the Battle of Chickamauga, the 4th Kentucky Infantry and 6th Kentucky Infantry charged a part of the federal line defended by the 15th Kentucky Infantry and the Illinois Battery. The Kentucky Confederates routed the infantry and captured two of the cannons, turning them on the fleeing enemy. The army retreated to Dalton, Georgia and went into winter quarters. The First Kentucky Brigade took part in the Atlanta Campaign on May 7, 1864, when they left their winter camps and took up positions on Rocky Face Ridge. The regiment became part of the fighting retreating force as Major General William T. Sherman pushed the Confederates further back toward Atlanta. The First Kentucky Brigade made an unsupported charge at the Battle of Dallas near New Hope Church and the Battle of Jonesboro on August 31, 1864. Ultimately, the 4th Kentucky Infantry lost its original color-bearer, who had carried the flag since the beginning of the war and was day, overwhelmed when two-thirds of a Union Army division attacked their positions. Many of the men of the 2nd Kentucky Infantry, 6th Kentucky Infantry, and 9th Kentucky Infantry were captured. The remnants of the brigade fell back and managed to bring the Union attack to a halt. Only 500 men were present for duty in the entire First Kentucky Brigade on September 4. During the famous march to the sea by General Sherman, the 4th Kentucky was ordered to Griffin, Georgia, and engaged in delaying tactics all the way to Savannah.
The Hobson House in Bowling Green
The construction of the home of Colonel Atwood Gaines and Juliet Van Meter Hobson was begun in 1857, only to be interrupted by the Civil War. Hobson was a Union sympathizer and offered the home for use as a Confederate munitions depot rather than see it destroyed. It was not completed until 1872. It is located at 1100 West Main Street in Hobson Grove Park.
Warren County Kentucky Wills, Estates, Deeds
The history of Warren County dates back to several Native American villages and burial mounds. General Elijah Covington was one of the first land owners. McFaddens Station was established as early as 1785 on the northern bank of the Barren River at Cumberland Trae. by Andrew McFadden. Warren County was established in 1796 and was named after General Joseph Warren of Revolutionary War fame as haviing dispatched William Dawes and Paul Revere on the famous midnight ride. Warren also fought at the Battle of Bunker Hill.
Warren County Probate Records available to members of Kentucky Pioneers