How Far Back Can We Expect to Trace Our Ancestors?
How far back do the records go? All genealogical research needs to be as legitimate as possible and each generation should be verified in order to avoid getting on the wrong track. You can possibly find your ancestor reference in 1066 in the Domesday Book. This was in the days of William the Conqueror when he required a complete listing of all residents in order to tax them.
Expect to find a simple reference, without family information. The name is good enough to establish that person as a resident in 1066 A. D. The best hope of accuracy, however, occurs to about 1500, the era when parish records were being kept in England. The old Irish records did not survive, and there is very little on Scotland. However, from the 1400's (you might find a 1400 entry in some parish registers) through the 17th century, the religion was in upheaval. William VIII broke off from the Catholic Church and established the Anglican religion. This is what you will mostly find so far as parish records are concerned. I cannot tell you if the Catholic records survived. If they did, they are not available to the public. The parish registers are complete with christenings, marriages, births and deaths. The back of each book contains the "mortuary". A christening date is a baptism date. Sometimes the parents christened children born several years apart on the same date. What you have is a general time frame for the birth. There exists records during the 1300s in certain dioceses, like Canterbury. In England, various dioceses maintained public records and the best thing to do is search everywhere there exists a record that early. The monarchy records are replete with many details of the reign. Relatives of the king were "given in marriage" by the king so references can be gleaned from the many records of that monarchy. An very excellent resource of old English records online is Origins. You can obtain copies. Essentially, it is a good idea to zero in on the district where your relatives resided and then locate church records and the like. Many, many person descend from royalty, which means relationships to most of the earls, dukes and aristocrats of the time. Royal families had illegitimate children as a matter of course, some of whom were recognized while others were not. In their enthusiam, some of the records reflect lineages to Adam and Eve. This is not possible. We have no such records. There could be as much as 2000 years of missing records. Regretably, the ancient genealogies are misleading and filled with errors. Jeremiah the prophet gave in marriage Tea Telphi, a daughter of King Zedekiah of Jerusalem sometime after 600 B. C. , in marriage to an Irish prince. It is from that union that most of the kings of England descend. Even if we had the records from 600 B. C. forward, the bible is missing tons of genealogies before and after the flood. We need the Irish records from 600 B. C. to 1066, and even then, the prospects look dim.
The Battle of Blue Licks
The Battle of Blue Licks was one of the last Revolutionary War battle in Kentucky. The battle occurred on August 19, 1782, ten months after the famous surrender of Lord Cornwallis in Yorktown, which had effectively ended the war in the East. About fifty American and Canadian Loyalists along with three American Indians ambushed and routed 182 Kentucky militiament on a hill next to the Licking River (then Kentucky County, now Robertson County Virginia). The rebels had reached a spot on the lower river near a spring and salt lick in the morning. They were spotted by some Indian Scouts watching from across the river. Behind the scouts was a hill around which the river looped. Todd called a council and asked Daniel Boone, the most experienced woodsman, what he thought. Boone said he had been growing increasingly suspicious because of the conspicious trail left by the Indians; he suspected that the Indians were trying to lead them into an ambush. But a fierce Indian fighter by the name of Hugh McGary, urged immediate attack. When no one listened, he mounted his horse and rode across the ford, calling out, "Them that ain't cowards, follow me." The men and officers followed McGary into the trap while Boone remarked, "We are all slaughtered men," and crossed the river.
When the rebels reached the summit, the Indians opened fire at close range with devastating accuracy. After only five minutes, the center and right of the rebel line fell back. Only the force of Boone managed to push forward, while Todd and Trigg, easy targets on horseback, were shot dead. The rebels ran down the hill, fighting hand-to-hand. Boone ordered his men to retreat and grabbing a riderless horse ordered his 23-year-old son, Israel Boone, to mount it. Then, while he searched for a horse for himself, Israel suddenly fell to the ground. He was shot through the neck. Boone realized his son was dead, mounted the horse and joined in the retreat.
The site where General Polk fortified a site along the Mississippi River against the Union forces during the War Between the States. For this reason the site was called the Gibralter of the West. Hickman County was founded in 1822 and named after Captain Paschal Hickman of the 1st Rifle Regiment, Kentucky Militia. While he was a resident of Franklin County, Kentucky he was wounded and captured at the Battle of Frenchtown in January of 1813 and killed by Indians in the Massacre of the River Raison. The first county seat was Columbus, Kentucky where a court house was built in 1823. In 1830 the county seat was removed to Clinton, Kentucky.