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The Explorers of Cumberland Gap
The Cumberland Gap was widely traveled by Indians long before the Europeans came to America. General Abraham Wood of Petersburg, Virginia crossed through Cumberland Gap after 1670. And Thomas Walker named the river in 1750 and land was claimed by his party for settlement but were chased out of the area by Native Americans. Joseph Martin had built a fort but did not return until later. Daniel Boone was hired by the Transylvania Company in 1775 to lead a company of men to widen the path through the gap. When he did, he discovered that Martin was already in the Powell Valley where he and his men were clearing land for settlement. The trail which Boone and his men built was widened during the 1790s to accommodate wagon traffic. This trail was called " Wilderness Road."
It is estimated that between 200,000 and 300,000 migrants passed through the gap en route to Kentucky and the Ohio Valley before 1810.
Shawnees During the Revolutionary War
The battles of the Revolutionary War did not always involve Redcoats. The British engaged many Indian tribes to engage the patriots in battle. For this reason, Lawrence Conner enlisted in the Virginia Company of Captain Arbuckle for two years to go on an expedition against the Shawnee Indians.
Before the first enlistment ended, he re-enlisted for three years, serving as a private in the company of Catain Andrew Wallace, 12th Virginia Regiment. He fought in the battles of Germantown, Monmouth, Stony War and Camden. Because of the wounds which he received at Camden and also during the battle of Guilford Court House, in 1789 he was sent home in Botetourt County, Virginia. Later he removed to Cumberland County, Kentucky where he died in 1828.
A depiction of Shawnee Indians attacking Daniel Boone.
Cumberland County Wills, Estates, Probate Records
Cumberland County was created in 1798 from land in Green County and was named after the Cumberland River. The county seat is Burkesville.
Images of Wills, Estates, Appraisements, Inventories, Guardianships 1815-1831
Alexander, John | Akins, Joseph | Appleby, Robert | Armstrong, John | Armstrong, Stephen
Baker, John | Baker, John Jr. | Baker, Martin | Ball, William | Beck, Edward | Bickerstaff, Samuel | Bickerstaff, Samuel Sr. | Bickerstaff, Samuel Jr. | Blakey, William | Bledsoe, John | Blankenship, Abel | Bond, Hopkins | Bowman, Daniel | Bowman, Pleasant | Brummal, Chastian
Campbell, William | Cary, Wilson | Chamberlin, William | Chandler, John | Chandler, Thomas | Clarry, Samuel | Cory, Edward | Conner, Lawrence |Cowen, William | Craig, William | Creech, Jesse | Crouch, Elijah
Daning, James | Daugherty, Charles | Davis, John | de Graffenreid, Francis | de Graffenreid, Tabitha | Dougherty, Joseph
Elliott, Samuel | Elliott, Thomas | Ellison, Amos | Emerson, Francis | English, Benjamin | Evans, Leroy
Ferrill, William | Fletcher, Fanny | Flowers, Edward | Ford, William | Forsnaught, John | Frogg, William
Galbraith, Robert | Gee, James | Gee, Jesse | Goodson, William | Green, George | Groce, Henry | Guthery, Adam
Haggard, Rice | Hall, Joseph | Harvey, John | Haygood, Robert |Hays, William Sr. | Hibbits, William | Hill, Archibald | Hill, Barber |Hillis, John | Hix, Richard | Hopkins, Arthur | Hopkins, William | Howard, James | Howard, Reubin |Howard, Robert S. | Hunter, John
Irwin, John | Jacob, Patrick | Johnston, Joseph | Johnston, Michael | Johnston, Thomas
Keen, Samson | King, John E. | King, Milton | King, William | Lafferty, Alexander | Lafferty, Samuel | Lafferty, Sarah | Lloyd, Willis
Martin, David | Mays, William | Maxwell, N. | McColly, Cornelius | Miller, Richard A. | Millon, Christopher | Murphy, James
Newby, Martin | Noland, James | Norris, Zebulon | Pace, John | Page, John | Philpot, Zachariah | Pickens, Joseph | Pickens, Thomas
Ray, Nathaniel | Reynolds, George | Ritchey, Elizabeth | Robertson, Arhur | Robertson, Walthall | Robinson, George H. | Rowland, Elizabeth | Rowland, George | Rowland, Gilbert | Rowland, John | Rutledge, Joseph
Sackman, Thomas | Sandusky, Jacob | Sevier, Archibald | Simple, John |Simple, John W. | Simpson, Joseph | Simpson, Thomas | Smith, Nathaniel |Smith, William | Spearman, Susannah | Spearman, Thomas | Sprouell, James | Stanfield, John | Stephens, Delilah (now King) | Stephens, Peter | Stockton, Ichabod | Stockton, John | Stockton, Nancy | Stockton, Polly | Stockton, Robert | Strong, John
Talbott, Nicholas | Talley, Sally | Tally, Nathaniel | Taylor, Edmund | Taylor, Edward | Thurman, Nathan | Trice, Tandy H. | Vaner, Henry
Wade, Ballenger | Wash, Thomas | Welch, David | Whitlock, Thomas | Wilbourn, Thomas | Wiles, Susan, orphan | Willian, William | Wisdom, Francis | Wiseman, William | Wooley, Oliver | Young, James
Indexes to Wills, Appraisements, Inventories, Estates, Guardianships
1815 to 1831
1830 to 1841
Images of Wills, Appraisements, Inventories, Estates, Guardianships 1830 to 1841
Aikin, Judith | Akin, James | Alexander, John | Alexander, Philip | Anderson, William
Baker, Elam | Baker, James Sr. | Baker, John | Baker, John W. | Baker, Obediah | Baker, Susan | Baker, Thomas | Baker, William | Bartran, Thomas | Bledsoe, Benjamin J. |Bone, Nathaniel | Bouldin, Thomas | Boynter, James | Bristow, William | Brock, James | Brummall, Robert | Buford, Preston | Burchett, John
Cain, Thomas | Carter, Charles | Carter, Joseph | Carter, Josiah | Carter, Samuel | Carter, William | Cary, Beverly | Cary, Harrison | Cary, William | Caswell, John |Cheatham, Owen | Clark, James | Claywell, John | Claywell, Shadrick Sr. | Cloyd, James | Craven, Robert | Creasey, Dan | Creasey, John | Crockett, Robert
Daniel, Drucilla | Daniel, Martin | Ellington, Albert | Ellington, Hezekiah | Ellington, Jesse | Embry, Elisha
Farish, George | Fearson, William | Ferrel, Harden | Fergress, James | Flowers, Elisha | Flowers, Susanna | Fudge, George | Fudge, John
Garman, George | Garman, Harman | Garnett, Robert | Garnett, William | Gearhart, Peter | Gibson, John | Green, George | Green, Lucy | Grider, Martin
Haggard, Benjamin | Haggard, Elizabeth | Haggard, James | Haggard, Levi | Haggard, Rice | Harrance, James | Harvey, Wilson | Heard, James | Hiard, William R. |Hill, Lucinda | Holt, Doswell | Hopkins, John | Howard, Reubin B. | Hugart, Eli
Jones, Charles | Laferly, Samuel | Lawson, Philip | Logan, James | Long, Solomon | Long, Thomas | Loyd, Willis
McGee, Jacob | McNealy, Esther | Miller, Jubal |Montfort, Peter | Morgan, Morgan | Murphy, Clement | Murphy, Francis
Norris, Nathan | Norris, Waller | Nunn, Elizabeth | Nunn, Thomas | O'Banion, William | Pearson, William | Phares, Charles | Phares, Samuel Jr. | Philpot, John H. | Philpott, Perry
Radford, James | Richardson, George | Ritchey, Samuel | Rowe, Samuel S. | Rowland, Elizabeth | Rowland, George W. | Rowland, Gilbert
Sams, Gentry | Sam, James | Scott, Clement | Scott, Jacob | Semple, Adaline | Sewell, Joseph | Shuman, John R. | Simmerman, Ahart | Simmerman, Henry | Slaton, Joseph | Smiley, Daniel | Smith, Elizabeth | Smith, Jesse | Smith, Moses | Smith, Nathaniel | Smith, William | Spencer, Nancy | Spencer, Thomas | Stockton, Robert | Stockton, William A.
Talbott, M. H. | Taylor, Isaac | Thomas, John | Thurman, John | Thurman, William | Vaughan, Axiom | Vaughn, Harriett | Vincent, Ethan
Wakefield, Thomas | Walthall, William A. | Warinnger, Iverson | Wash, Lucy Vining | Wash, Thomas | Williams, Daniel | Williams, Martha | Williams, Martin