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Matthew Lyon, "the Hampden of Congress," was born in County Wicklow, Ireland, July 14, 1750. He emigrated to America when he was fifteen years old, and settled in Woodbury, Connecticut, as an apprentice of Jabez Bacon, the wealthiest merchant in all New England. Lyon left Connecticut, in 1774, and removed to Vermont, where he became one of the famous Green Mountain Boys of the Revolution. He was a member of the Vermont legislature for four years; and in 1783 he founded the town of Fair Haven, Vermont. Lyon became one of the great men of Vermont, a disciple of Thomas Jefferson, "the pioneer Democrat of New England." In 1796 he was elected to Congress and he went to Philadelphia in May, 1797, to enter upon his duties. He at once became one of the powerful men in that body. Lyon had published a newspaper at Fair Haven for several years, besides issuing a number of books from his press, but during the years of 1798 and 1799 he edited the now famous Scourge of Aristocracy, a semi-monthly magazine. At the present day this is a rare volume, and much to be desired. In 1801 Lyon cast his vote in Vermont for Thomas Jefferson against Aaron Burr for the presidency, and this vote is said to have made certain the election of Jefferson. Late in this year of 1801 Lyon left Vermont for Kentucky, and he later became the founder of Eddyville, Lyon county, Kentucky. The county, however, was named in honor of his son, Chittenden Lyon. In 1802 Matthew Lyon was a member of the Kentucky legislature; and from 1803 to 1811 he was in the lower House of Congress from his Kentucky district. His opposition to the War of 1812 retired him to private life. At Eddyville he was engaged in shipbuilding, in which he had great success, but after his defeat for re-election to Congress, in 1812, disasters came fast upon him, and he was reduced from affluence to comparative poverty. At the age of sixty-eight years, however, he recovered himself, paid all his debts, and died in easy circumstances. In 1820 Lyon was appointed United States Factor to the Cherokee Indians of Arkansas territory, and he set out for his future home at Spadra Bluff, Arkansas. He was later elected as the second delegate to Congress from Arkansas, but he did not live to take his seat, dying at Spadra Bluff, August 1, 1822. Eleven years later his remains were returned to Kentucky, and re-interred at Eddyville, where a proper monument marks the spot to-day. Matthew Lyon's reply to John Randolph of Roanoke, in 1804, in regard to the old question of the Yazoo frauds, is his only extant speech that is at all remembered at the present time. Source: Bibliography. The History of Kentucky, by R. H. Collins (Covington, Kentucky, 1882); Matthew Lyon, by J. F. McLaughlin (New York, 1900).
The Explorers of Cumberland GapThe Trails traveled by Indians long before the Europeans came to America. General Abraham Wood of Petersburg, Virginia crossed through Cumberland Gap after 1670. And Thomas Walker named the river in 1750 and land was claimed by his party for settlement but were chased out of the area by Native Americans. Joseph Martin had built a fort but did not return until later. Daniel Boone was hired by the Transylvania Company in 1775 to lead a company of men to widen the path through the gap. When he did, he discovered that Martin was already in the Powell Valley where he and his men were clearing land for settlement. The trail which Boone and his men built was widened during the 1790s to accommodate wagon traffic. This trail was called " Wilderness Road."It is estimated that between 200,000 and 300,000 migrants passed through the gap en route to Kentucky and the Ohio Valley before 1810.
Shawnees During the Revolutionary WarThe battles of the Revolutionary War did not always involve Redcoats. The British engaged many Indian tribes to engage the patriots in battle. For this reason, Lawrence Conner enlisted in the Virginia Company of Captain Arbuckle for two years to go on an expedition against the Shawnee Indians. Before the first enlistment ended, he re-enlisted for three years, serving as a private in the company of Catain Andrew Wallace, 12th Virginia Regiment. He fought in the battles of Germantown, Monmouth, Stony War and Camden. Because of the wounds which he received at Camden and also during the battle of Guilford Court House, in 1789 he was sent home in Botetourt County, Virginia. Later he removed to Cumberland County, Kentucky where he died in 1828.
A depiction of Shawnee Indians attacking Daniel Boone.
The Battle of Little Mountain
The Battle of Fallen Timbers
This country was well known to the Indian traders many years before it was settled. They gave a description of it to Lewis Evans, who published his first map of it as early as 1752. In the year of 1750, Dr. Thomas Walker, Colby Chew, Ambrose Powell and several others from the counties of Orange and Culpepper, in the state of Virginia, set out on an excursion to the Western Waters; they traveled down the Holstein river, and crossed over the Mountains into Powells valley, thence across the Cumberland mountain at the gap where the road now crosses, proceeded on across what was formerly known by the name of the Wilderness until they arrived at the Hazlepath; here the company divided, Dr. Walker with a part continued north until they came to the Kentucky river which they named Louisa or Levisa river. After traveling down the excessive broken or hilly margin some distance they became dissatisfied and returned and continued up one of its branches to its head, and crossed over the mountains to New River at the place called Walkers Meadows. In the year 1754 James McBride with some others, passed down the Ohio river in canoes, and landed at the mouth of the Kentucky river, where they marked on a tree the initials of their names, and the date of the year. These men passed through the country and were the first who gave a particular account of its beauty and richness of soil to the inhabitants of the British settlements in America. In 1767, when John Finlay with others were trading with the Indians, they passed through a part of the rich lands of Kentucky. The Indians referred to the sitet (in their language) as the Dark and Bloody Grounds. Some difference took place between these traders and the Indians, and Finlay deemed it prudent to return to his residence in North Carolina, where he communicated his knowledge of the country to Colonel Daniel Boone and others. Source: The Kentucky Gazette (August 25, 1826)]
Ideas can be Reality"Beam us up, Scottie."
Those famous words (from Star Trek) are dramatic reminders that a tiny device such as our phone can perform many wonderous functions. But we did not acquire this technology until it was the idea of Steve Jobs, and he spent his life making it happen. The familiar "warp drive" has been revamped to mean that space can be bent or shaped. Yet, we are just on the threshhold of discovery. But what a threshhold!
Already the technology exists whereby the Dead Sea Scrolls are being pieced together and interpreted. It is the quest of a lifetime that scientists handling this assignment can also produce wonderous results, comparing that which was accomplished by Mr. Jobs.
Another idea man is Mark Zuckenberg. Anyone who observed his recent questioning by Congress can realize that a door has been opened to the invisible world of data and that this door is ever expanding and revealing more avenues of possibilities. Get out the chalk board, Einstein. "The speed of light within a vacuum is the same no matter the speed at which the observer travels." Does it end?
May I present my idea? That all of the genealogy data ever researched or recorded be swooped out of every crevice and place of storage on the earth and be assembled into one location? With just one click of a device? And that anyone can have access? I am looking forward to the time when items so critical to genealogical research will never to be lost to time and for those items which were trashed or burned in court house fires to reassemble themselves. All the way back to Adam and Eve.
"Beam us up, Scottie. We are on our way!"
Cumberland County Wills, Estates, Probate Records
Cumberland County was created in 1798 from land in Green County and was named after the Cumberland River. The county seat is Burkesville.
Images of Wills, Estates, Appraisements, Inventories, Guardianships 1815-1831Alexander, John | Akins, Joseph | Appleby, Robert | Armstrong, John | Armstrong, Stephen
Baker, John | Baker, John Jr. | Baker, Martin | Ball, William | Beck, Edward | Bickerstaff, Samuel | Bickerstaff, Samuel Sr. | Bickerstaff, Samuel Jr. | Blakey, William | Bledsoe, John | Blankenship, Abel | Bond, Hopkins | Bowman, Daniel | Bowman, Pleasant | Brummal, Chastian
Campbell, William | Cary, Wilson | Chamberlin, William | Chandler, John | Chandler, Thomas | Clarry, Samuel | Cory, Edward | Conner, Lawrence |Cowen, William | Craig, William | Creech, Jesse | Crouch, Elijah
Daning, James | Daugherty, Charles | Davis, John | de Graffenreid, Francis | de Graffenreid, Tabitha | Dougherty, Joseph
Elliott, Samuel | Elliott, Thomas | Ellison, Amos | Emerson, Francis | English, Benjamin | Evans, Leroy
Ferrill, William | Fletcher, Fanny | Flowers, Edward | Ford, William | Forsnaught, John | Frogg, William
Galbraith, Robert | Gee, James | Gee, Jesse | Goodson, William | Green, George | Groce, Henry | Guthery, Adam
Haggard, Rice | Hall, Joseph | Harvey, John | Haygood, Robert |Hays, William Sr. | Hibbits, William | Hill, Archibald | Hill, Barber |Hillis, John | Hix, Richard | Hopkins, Arthur | Hopkins, William | Howard, James | Howard, Reubin |Howard, Robert S. | Hunter, John
Irwin, John | Jacob, Patrick | Johnston, Joseph | Johnston, Michael | Johnston, Thomas
Keen, Samson | King, John E. | King, Milton | King, William | Lafferty, Alexander | Lafferty, Samuel | Lafferty, Sarah | Lloyd, Willis
Martin, David | Mays, William | Maxwell, N. | McColly, Cornelius | Miller, Richard A. | Millon, Christopher | Murphy, James
Newby, Martin | Noland, James | Norris, Zebulon | Pace, John | Page, John | Philpot, Zachariah | Pickens, Joseph | Pickens, Thomas
Ray, Nathaniel | Reynolds, George | Ritchey, Elizabeth | Robertson, Arhur | Robertson, Walthall | Robinson, George H. | Rowland, Elizabeth | Rowland, George | Rowland, Gilbert | Rowland, John | Rutledge, Joseph
Sackman, Thomas | Sandusky, Jacob | Sevier, Archibald | Simple, John |Simple, John W. | Simpson, Joseph | Simpson, Thomas | Smith, Nathaniel |Smith, William | Spearman, Susannah | Spearman, Thomas | Sprouell, James | Stanfield, John | Stephens, Delilah (now King) | Stephens, Peter | Stockton, Ichabod | Stockton, John | Stockton, Nancy | Stockton, Polly | Stockton, Robert | Strong, John
Talbott, Nicholas | Talley, Sally | Tally, Nathaniel | Taylor, Edmund | Taylor, Edward | Thurman, Nathan | Trice, Tandy H. | Vaner, Henry
Wade, Ballenger | Wash, Thomas | Welch, David | Whitlock, Thomas | Wilbourn, Thomas | Wiles, Susan, orphan | Willian, William | Wisdom, Francis | Wiseman, William | Wooley, Oliver | Young, James
Indexes to Wills, Appraisements, Inventories, Estates, Guardianships1815 to 1831; 1830 to 1841
Images of Wills, Appraisements, Inventories, Estates, Guardianships 1830 to 1841Aikin, Judith | Akin, James | Alexander, John | Alexander, Philip | Anderson, William
Baker, Elam | Baker, James Sr. | Baker, John | Baker, John W. | Baker, Obediah | Baker, Susan | Baker, Thomas | Baker, William | Bartran, Thomas | Bledsoe, Benjamin J. |Bone, Nathaniel | Bouldin, Thomas | Boynter, James | Bristow, William | Brock, James | Brummall, Robert | Buford, Preston | Burchett, John
Cain, Thomas | Carter, Charles | Carter, Joseph | Carter, Josiah | Carter, Samuel | Carter, William | Cary, Beverly | Cary, Harrison | Cary, William | Caswell, John |Cheatham, Owen | Clark, James | Claywell, John | Claywell, Shadrick Sr. | Cloyd, James | Craven, Robert | Creasey, Dan | Creasey, John | Crockett, Robert
Daniel, Drucilla | Daniel, Martin | Ellington, Albert | Ellington, Hezekiah | Ellington, Jesse | Embry, Elisha
Farish, George | Fearson, William | Ferrel, Harden | Fergress, James | Flowers, Elisha | Flowers, Susanna | Fudge, George | Fudge, John
Garman, George | Garman, Harman | Garnett, Robert | Garnett, William | Gearhart, Peter | Gibson, John | Green, George | Green, Lucy | Grider, Martin
Haggard, Benjamin | Haggard, Elizabeth | Haggard, James | Haggard, Levi | Haggard, Rice | Harrance, James | Harvey, Wilson | Heard, James | Hiard, William R. |Hill, Lucinda | Holt, Doswell | Hopkins, John | Howard, Reubin B. | Hugart, Eli
Jones, Charles | Laferly, Samuel | Lawson, Philip | Logan, James | Long, Solomon | Long, Thomas | Loyd, Willis
McGee, Jacob | McNealy, Esther | Miller, Jubal |Montfort, Peter | Morgan, Morgan | Murphy, Clement | Murphy, Francis
Norris, Nathan | Norris, Waller | Nunn, Elizabeth | Nunn, Thomas | O'Banion, William | Pearson, William | Phares, Charles | Phares, Samuel Jr. | Philpot, John H. | Philpott, Perry
Radford, James | Richardson, George | Ritchey, Samuel | Rowe, Samuel S. | Rowland, Elizabeth | Rowland, George W. | Rowland, Gilbert
Sams, Gentry | Sam, James | Scott, Clement | Scott, Jacob | Semple, Adaline | Sewell, Joseph | Shuman, John R. | Simmerman, Ahart | Simmerman, Henry | Slaton, Joseph | Smiley, Daniel | Smith, Elizabeth | Smith, Jesse | Smith, Moses | Smith, Nathaniel | Smith, William | Spencer, Nancy | Spencer, Thomas | Stockton, Robert | Stockton, William A.
Talbott, M. H. | Taylor, Isaac | Thomas, John | Thurman, John | Thurman, William | Vaughan, Axiom | Vaughn, Harriett | Vincent, Ethan
Wakefield, Thomas | Walthall, William A. | Warinnger, Iverson | Wash, Lucy Vining | Wash, Thomas | Williams, Daniel | Williams, Martha | Williams, Martin