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Tax Defaulters are Important Genealogy Resources
Tips by Jeannette Holland Austin
All tax digests lists persons who have defaulted on their taxes, usually enumerated as the last page of each district. The tax digests are not alphabetical, so we have to thumb through all of the pages to find anything. The default list does not necessarily reflect persons who refused to pay their property taxes. Rather, from the point of view of the genealogist it lends itself more as a report of those who have either died or removed to another county. If the date is close to a mortality census (every 10 years), you can look there. Otherwise, if the person is old enough to have died, then searching the local cemeteries in the area is indicated. People were on the go and we have to be detectives.
The Perils of Settling the West CountryDuring the time that families were venturing into Virginia, Kentucky and Ohio to take up land grants, Indians were marauding, raiding and taken white women as slaves. Yes! Throughout this region women and children disappeared never to be seen again. During the 1730s there was a movement along the wagon trail road leading out from Philadelphia as well as Wilderness Trail which led as far west as the falls of the Ohio River. The historians documented the career of Daniel Boone, however, other Boone families from Philadelphia also ventured out. The Boones had lots of children, and some of them were quakers. They moved through Virginia and Kentucky with other relatives and friends. What I am saying is that Daniel Boone was not the only adventurer into Kentucky; a large movement was afoot. The reason: land grants.
Dinsmore HomesteadDuring 1839 James and Martha Dinsmore purchased 700 acres of land in Boone County and built Dinsmore House in 1842 along with several outbuildings. It is located on the Burlington Pike west of Burlington, Kentucky. The family raised sheep and grew grapes and willow trees for a basket-making business that was overseen by German immigrants.The house survives today and contains all of its original artifacts brought from in Cincinnati, Ohio, and Indians. The Dinsmore family resided in the home from 1842 to 1926. In 1987, the Dinsmore Homestead Foundation purchased the home along with 30 acres of land. A collection of some 90,000 pages of family letters, journals and business records have been preserved on microfilm for use at the Dinsmore Homestead.
The Red River GorgeEven before the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Shawnee and Yuchi were removed from Kentucky, there were European settlers. Counties were not formed until after the American Revolutionary War. Thus, in wilderness regions, the genealogist must really dig to locate old colonial forts and militia records. My personal procedure is to read every page of the tax digest in the county where my ancestor resided, recording the description of acreage, number of acres, names of neighbors, waterways, district, etc. (whatever the tax digest provides) for each year, then trace that same acreage forward. This information provides a time-line for when he resided in the county. When his name no longer appears, I search the default list. A sensible place to search next is the adjoining counties because the old parent county lines changed with the ascent of the formation of new counties and even States. For example, Hampton County Virginia went to West Virginia. The boundary lines frequently changed. Next, I look at marriages with that surname. This also gives me a time-line of the marriages of the sons and daughters as well as an idea of whether or not any members of the family were still around. If there was a ten or twenty year gap, say, that means that the older generation has either died or moved away. Of course, a thorough search of the deed records tells a better story, but there may be little or nothing there.
Boone County Wills, Inventories, Estates and Probate RecordsBoone County was founded in 1798 and named after Daniel Boone. The county seat is Burlington, Kentucky. The court house records begin in 1800 and contain a complete record of old wills, estates, inventories, guardianships and other miscellaneous estate items all bundled together in the same book. In other words, when you research these books, detailed account of the estate usually follows the last will and testament up until the time that it was settled.
Genealogy Records available to members of Kentucky Pioneers
Indexes of Probate Records
- Book A, Wills, Estates, Inventories, 1800 to 1821
- Book B, Wills, Estates, Inventories, 1821 to 1832
- Book C, Wills, Estates, Inventories, 1831 to 1839
Images of Wills, Estates, Inventories, Book A, 1800 to 1821Testators:Attaway, Archalaus | Attaway, Rebecca | Attaway, Salley | Attaway, Sarah | Attaway, William | Barlow, Christopher | Black, Benjamin | Bolin, William | Braun, Joseph | Brockman, John | Brockman, William | Brown, Thomas | Brown, William | Burl, Richard | Cave, Hiram | Cave, Richard | Cave, William | Cherry, Moses | Christy, George | Collier, James | Conley, Arthur | Conner, John | Corbin, William | Corson, Abel | Craig, John | Dicken, James | Dicken, Richard | Dickens, Samuel | Dulaney, Benjamin | Dulany, John | Dulany, John Jr. | Epperson, Benjamin | Eve, Clary | Fennell, Benjamin | Fowler, Edward | Garnett, John | Garnett, William | Glacken, William | Glover, R. | Goodridge, George | Graves, William | Green, Thomas | Gunter, Abraham | Hawkins, Joseph | House, Moses | Hughs, Andrew | Hughs, George | Hughs, John | Hume, Garrard | Hunt, Richard | Hutcherson, Samuel | Johnson, Benjamin | Johnson, William | Kirtley, Jeremiah | Kirkley, Mary | Lowry, Alexander | Manfield, Robert | Markland, Jonathan | Markland, Richard | McCorkle, William | McIntosh, James | McMerks, John , Sr. | Miller, John | Moore, estate inventory | Moseley, Benjamin | Neal, John | Noble, John | Noble, Thomas | Norris, John | ONeal, Charles | ONeal, Henry | Parker, Richard | Peek, James | Perrington, James | Points, John | Porter, R. | Pratt, Artemis | Reamer, James | Reed, Zachariah |Rice, Benajah | Rice, Elijah | Rogers, John | Royster, George | Sanders, William | Sanford, Richard | Seals, Barrett | Shackleford, William | Sharp, John H. | Shepherd, James | Simpson, Moses | Sleet, G. | Sleet, M.| Smith, Thomas | Smith, William J. | Smith, William Johnson | Sprigg, Ann | Steele, W. | Stephens, John | Stephens, Thomas | Stewart, Robert | Tanner, John | Thomas, Clarissa | Thomas, Mathew | Thomas, Nathan | Torrey, Von Vacker | Towery, Betsy | Underhill, William | Vickers, Alexander | Wills, Johnson | Wilson, Richard | Worrell, William
Images of Wills, Estates, Inventories, Book B, 1821 to 1832Testators: Allen, Francis | Anderson, Henry | Ayler, Michael | Banister, Augustine | Barkshire, Joel | Barkshire, Richard | Barton, Valentine | Bates, John | Bates, William | Beall, Thomas | Bennington, William | Bolin, William | Bradford, Joseph | Brockman, Elizabeth | Brockman, John | Brown, John | Brown, Nancy | Brown, Thomas | Brown, William | Burt, Richard | Bute, Thomas | Campbell, Gilbert | Cane, Jeremiah | Cane, Richard | Cane (or Cave), William | Carlton, Jonathan | Carter, Rosanna | Chinn, John W. | Colvert, Elizabeth | Craig, Cyrus | Craig, Robert | Cravens, Jeremiah | Crisler, Ambrose | Crisler, David | Cristler, Leonard | Crissenberry, William | Custer, David, Sr. | Depree, Abraham | Dicken, James | Doleson, George | Dudgeon, James | Dulaney, Elijah | Dulany, Fanny | Dulany, Susanna | Eads, John | East Bend Church (deed) | Foster, Samuel | Fray, Moses | Fry, George | Fuller, William | Garland, John | Garland, Sarah | Garnett, Edmund | Graves, Absalom | Graves, John | Green, David | Green, Thomas | Gregory, William | Harry, Janet W. | Hawkins, Philemon | Hawkins, Thomas | Heages, Samuel | Henderson, John | Hensley, Stephen | Herod, Thomas | Hogan, William | House, Joel | Huey, Samuel | Hufman, Joel | Huffman, Solomon | Huffman, T. | Hughes, George | Hull, John | Huston, Archibald Jack, John | Jenkins, William | Johnson, Benjamin | Johnson, Hezekiah | Johnson, James | Johnson, Zachariah | Kimball, William | Kite, George | Landford, Richard | Layton, Thomas | Ledger, John | Love, Windel | Makin, W. | Markland, Richard | Matthews, Chichester | McCarty, James | McClay, Thomas | McGinnis, Patsy | McGlasson, William | McGruder, Richard | McPherson, Mark | Miller, Andrew | Mitchell, Garnett | Mitchell, Wesley | Morrell, Wiley Morris, John | Morris, Linny | Mosby, Benjamin | Neal, John | Neel, Robert | Newman, Alexander | Nickols, John | Noel, James | Norman, Benjamin H. | ONeal, John | ONeal, William | Pantz, Martin | Peek, Asa | Peake, Harry | Peek, Presley | Piner, Thomas | Pitcher, Thomas | Porter, James | Pratt, Artemas | Records, Alexander | Reed, George | Rice, Benajah | Rice, William | Rich, Isaac | Riddell, James | Riddell, Lewis |Riddell, William | Robinson, Stephen | Rogers, Barnett |Rogers, William | Ross, Frederick | Rumble, William | Runyan, Wilson |Ryle, John Jr.|Sandford, Lawrence |Sandford, Permelia |Saunders, William | Seals, Barnett | Sellers, Thomas | Shain, Thomas | Shaw, Alfred | Shaw, Thomas | Simpson, Moses | Smith, Nathan | Steel, Weden | Stephens, John | Stewart, Hugh |Tanner, Moses | Taylor, Thomas | Thomas, Clarissa | Thomas, Nathan G. |Thompson, Daniel | Tousey, Zerah |Vawter, Thomas | Watts, Nathan | Weaver, Sampson |Welles, Benjamin | White, James | Wilhoit, William | Williams, Jesse P. |Worrell, William
Images of Will Book C, 1831 to 1839Testators: Adams, Alanson | Adams, Hansan | Adams, Johnson | Allen, James | Allen, Robert | Allen, William | Arnold William | Ayler, Michael | Barlow, Aaron | Barlow, Christopher | Barton, Eleanor | Bates, William R. | Bedinger, George M. | Bell, Pervical | Black, Benjamin | Black, James | Bolen, Jesse S. | Booth, John | Botts, Joshua | Bradley, Johnson | Breedlove, John | Bristow, Benjamin | Bullard, George | Burns, James | Burton, Benjamin | Canaday, George W. | Caree, Polly | Carpenter, Elizabeth | Carpenter, Jonathan | Carpenter, William | Carter, L. W. | Chambers, Robert S. | Chamblin, William | Chapman, John | Click, John | Cloud, Jane | Connelly, Thomas | Conrad, Micajah | Cooper, James | Cooper, James R. | Christy, Uriel | Crisler, Ambrose | Crisler, David | Currie, Carolina | Currier, James | Daniel, B. B. | Dawley, Caleb | Dawley, Sarah | Dean, Jeremiah | Demorse, James | Dickerson, Mary | Dickerson, Mary M. | Dickerson, Thomas | Dixon, Henry | Dobbins, Joseph | Dobbins, Matthew | Dudgeon, William M. | Dulany, Elijah W. | Dunlany, E. W. | Dunlap, James | Fennell, Benjamin | Fisher, George | Foulk, Thomas | Frazier, R. C. | Fullilove, Henry | Gaines, Churchill | Gaines, William | Gaines, William W. | Garland, Sarah | Gilpin, Israel | Gordon, Robert | Graves, James | Graves, Joseph | Graves, Walker | Graves, Willis | Green, David | Green, Thomas | Green, William | Hamilton, William | Hawkins, Gabriel | Hawkins, James | Hawkins, Joseph | Hay, James | Henderson, John | Herod, Thomas Hogan, William | House, James | Hubbell, Augustus Hubbell, Gresham Huffman, John | Johnson, C. | Johnson, Dave | Kannady, John | Kennedy, George W. | Kirkley, Elijah | Kirthley, Joel | Kite, William | Lambertson, James | | Lancaster, James | | Lantz, Martin | Latimer, Jacob | Leonard, William | Lewis, Samuel | Love, Wendell | Marcus, Matthew | Mathews, Clichester | Matthews, Charles and Agnes | Matton, Asa | McCarty, James | McCoy, William | McCoy, William N. | McElpresh, Abner | McGlasson, land sold by Sheriff | McGlasson, Benjamin | McGlasson, William | McManima, James | McNeal, A. J. | McPherson, Alexander | Miller, Henry | Miller, Sarah | Morrow, Thomas | Morrow, Thomas F. | Mosby, David | Moseley, Daniel | Moseley, Penelope | Murdock, William | Myager, William | Neal, William | Neel, John | Nelson, Ambrose | O Neal, John W. | Opagle, William | Noble, Thomas | Parker, Richard | Peek, Thomas J. | Perrin, Thomas | Piner, Elizabeth | Porter, James | Pratt, Jacob | Price, Williamson | Reamer, Henry H. | Rice, Benajah | Riddell, A. | Riddell, Archibald | Riddell, James | Riddell, L. | Riddell, William | Robinson, Sally | Robinson, Stephen | Rogers, Barnett | Ross, Alexander | Ross, George | Rouse, Abraham | Rouse, Jacob | Rouse, Joel | Rouse, Samuel | Rouse, Tabitha | Runyan, William | Ryle, James | | Ryle, John | Ryle, William Jr. | Ryon, John | Sanders, William | Sandford, Mary | Sandford, Permelia | Sandford, Robert | Sandford, Templeton | Scott, Moses | Scott, William | Simpson, Hadon | Simpson, Moses | Smith, Susannah | Smithers, William | Story, John | Story, Thomas | Sullivan, William | Tanner, Ephraim | Terrill, Robert | Trowbridge, Elizabeth | Trowbridge, Silas | Tousey, Moses | Tully, Samuel | Utz, Benjamin | | Vickers, William | Webster, Daniel | White, James | | White, Richard | Wilhoit, Caleb | Wilhoit, William | Williamson, James | Willis, Benjamin | G. Willis, William | Zimmerman, Christopher | Zimmerman, Frederick