Jeannette Holland Austin | Profile
What Kentuckians Used for Money
In Virginia, the Indians used wampum to trade and white settlers used tobacco as their first currecy. However, Kentuckians used the skins of wild animals as their first currency. As immigrants came into the region, Spanish silver dollars were circulated. Still there was no small change. Thus, our forefathers actually made change by cutting the dollar into four equal parts, each worth twenty-five cents. These were again divided, each part worth twelve and one half cents, called bits. But people were sometimes careless in the work of making change and often cut the dollar into five "quarters,quot; and these wedge-shaped pieces of cut-money were referred to as "sharp shins." Because of this type of cut, silver gradually found its way back to the mint for recoinage, usually at a loss of the last owner. As late as 1806, a business house in Philadelphia received over one hundred pounds of cut silver, brought on by a Kentucky merchant, which was sent on a dray to the United States Mint for recoinage.
The Hard Winter of 1779
From November to March (1779-1780) the settlers of Kentucky suffered untold anguish from the severity of the weather and the scarcity of food. More pioneers had come into the wilderness the preceding summer and so increased the population which meant that the products of garden, field, and forest were soon exhausted. Deep, unmelting snow covered the land; many families coming by river were caught in the masses of ice, compelled to abandon their primitive boats, and encamp on the frozen shore; while the traveler by land found trails blocked with snow, creeks frozen solid, and the forest desolate. Horses, cattle, and many wild animals froze or died from want of nourishment, while so great was the extremity that the settlers were forced to eat the flesh of the animals that had thus fallen, and for months had to go without bread. In this severe cold, through the deep snow and over the solid ice, there could be little traveling. To secure supplies from elsewhere was impossible; and even when spring began to bring some relief, one bushel of corn brought, in the continental currency, from fifty to one hundred and seventy-five dollars. Complete relief could not come until the seedtime and the harvest home were over.
Fleming County Genealogy, Wills, Estates, Distributions, Inventories, Guardianships
Fleming County was founded in 1798 and named after Colonel John Fleming, an Indian fighter and early settler to Kentucky. The land was taken from Mason County. The county seat is Flemingsburg and the first court house was constructed with logs.
Indexes to Wills, Estates, Guardianships, Distributions
Images of Fleming County Wills and Estates, Book A, 1798 to 1816
- Book A, 1798 to 1815
- Book B, 1816 to 1822
- Book C, 1823 to 1829
- Book D, 1829 to 1834
Alexander, William* Armstrong, Robert* Axley, Ely Baker, Charlies* Barnes, Joshua* Barnes, Samuel* Bateman, Thomas* Bazle, William* Beard, Philip* Bell, Benjamin D.* Bell, M.* Benham, Amariah* Bennington, William* Bevins, Sally* Brevard, Adam* Brevard, William* Bridges, Dillen* Bright, Edward* Brown, D. G.* Brown, James* Brown, Manly* Brown, John* Brown, M.* Burke, William* Burrington, William* Butler, Thomas* Carter, James* Carter, Thomas* Chapman, Nathan Chapman, William* Clare, Andrew* Clarke, Thomas* Cobyn, Benjamin* Collins, James* Collins, John* Constant, John* Cornwall, Thomas* Cothran, Robert* Cotteman, John* Curry, Susanna* Dale, James* Davis, John* Dawkins, Thomas* Denard, Margaret* Dickson, James* Donevan, Philip* Dudley, William* Dudley, Will* Dunbar, Alexander* Dunbar, James* Duncan, William* Elijah, Moses* Emmers, James* Evans, Esbert* Evans, Isaac* Evans, Robert* Faris, William* Farrow, Thornton Ferguson, John* Ferguson, Joseph* Finney, Thomas* Fix, Stephen* Floyd, Thomas* Fuller, George* Fulton, orphans* Furlow, Robert* Furr, Edwin Gallagher, John* Goddard, John* Gooding, Abraham* Gooding, John* Gore, Andrew* Gordon, James* Gray, David* Gray, Isaac* Green, John Bishop* Green, Richard* Gully, Thomas* Hambuck, William* Hamm, Joseph* Hannock, John* Harper, William* Harvey, William* Hillecoes, Jacob* Hillison, George* Hinton, Eli* Hitt, Charlie* Hornbuckle, Solomon* Horton, Benjamin* Hudnut, Richard* Jenkins, Thomas* Johnston, Daniel* Jordan, Jared* Lee, James* Leforge, Abraham* Levins, Vincent* Lewis, James* Little, Henry* Loftis, William* Logan, H.* MaGowen, James* Markwell, Amelia* Markwell, William* Marquit, Landy* Marshall, Robert* McAlister, James* McCorkle, John* McCottister, James* McCollum, Seth* McDaniel, Thomas* McDonald, George* McDonald, Thomas* McGowen, James* McIntire, Joseph* McKibbens, Joseph* McKinney, Christina* Miller, Robert* Mills, Thomas* Mims, John* Mooney, John* Morehead, William* Morgan, Levin* Morgan, Simon* Morgan, William* Morrison, Robert* Murphy, Sampson* Norwood, Philip* Orr, William* Park, Hugh* Penland, Alexander** Plemmons, James* Plummer, Abraham* Plummer, Benjamin* Plummer, George* Plummer, Isaac* Plummer, James* Porter, Bridget* Pouldon, John* Price, John* Rawlins, William* Ray, William* Reed, Benjamin* Reed, Jacob* Reed, orphans* Reeves, Elijah Roberson, David* Robinson, Andrew* Roe, Joshua* Ruby, Thomas* Ruddell, George* Scofield, Daniel Henry* Scott, Joseph* Scott, William* Seybold, Jasper* Shannon, Patrick* Simon, John* Smith, Robert* Snider, Stephen* Snyder, Christopher* Spencer, Philemon* Steel, David* Stevens, John* Stewart, David* Stockwell, John* Sweet, Benjamin* Sweet, Martha* Sweet, William* Talton, Hugh* Tapley, James* Taylor, Joshua* Terhune, Albert* Thomas, Patrick* Tilman, Nehemiah Tilson, Samuel* Tully, Samuel* Turner, James* Vanicoe, Frederick* Van Landingham, George* Vincent, Thomas* Walker, James* Walker, William* Weaver, George* Williams, Daniel* Williams, Hazel* Williams, John* Wilson, John* Wilson, Thomas* Wilson, William* Wishard, Joseph* Wishard, William* Wright, James* Yarbrough, Randle*
Images of Fleming County Wills and Estates, Book A, 1798 to 1816
Alexander, William* Bell, William O.* Brown, Cyrus* Clarke, Benjamin* Dale, James* Davis, Samuel* Deck, Jonathan* Graham, James* Hilliard, George* Hinton, Zachariah* Howe, John* Jernigan, Thomas* Jones, Ignatius* Jordan, Gerard* Loftis, William* Markwell, William* McCorkle, William* Park, Hugh* Penland, Mims* Pettitt, James* Pettitt, Jonathan* Rabourn, David* Rawlins, William* Reed, Robert* Rickson, George* Stockton, George* Swim, John* Terhune, Albert* Terhune, Alexander* Triplet, Presby* Tully, Israel* Turis, John* Vantrim, Frederick* Vincent, Levin* Walker, William* Walton, John* Watson, William* Wishard William*
Images of Fleming County Wills and Estates, Book C, 1823 to 1829
Alexander, William* Allen, Joseph* Allen, Thomas* Ashley, Thomas* Bagswell, Joel* Ballentine, Thomas* Barton, John* Beard, Delilah* Beckner, Henry* Bell, James D.* Bell, James H.* Bell, William D.* Bellon, George* Bonan, Amariah* Botts, George W.* Boyd, Daniel* Brand, Thomas* Brevard, Joshua* Brown, John* Brown, Meshack Campbell, James* Carter, Thomas* Clancy, William* Clarke, Benjamin* Cochran, John* Constant, John* Coulter, William* Crain, Samuel* Dale, Uriah* Darsey, Leaken* Davis, James Sr.* Debells, James H.* DeBells, Nancy* Dickins, John* Disbon, James* Dixon, Harvey* Duly, Zadok* Duncan, Margaret* Emmons, Jesse* Emmons, Joseph* Emmons, William* Evans, John* Evans, Robert* Faris, James* Faris, John* Farrow, Thornton* Ferguson, F.* Ferguson, Thomas* Fleming, John D.* Fouck, William Sr.* Franklin, Thomas* Fulton, Hugh* Fyffe, James* Fyffe, Jonathan* Garvin, John* Gills, Samuel* Gimble, Dorothy* Glascock, Matilda* Goddard, John* Gooch, Thomas* Goslin, Joseph* Green, Francis* Green, Frankey* Green, Thomas* Hamilton, James* Hays, Thomas* Hendricks, Phillip* Henry, Samuel* Hinton, Vachel* Hitt, Charlie* House, Jonathan W.* Howard, Gideon* Howe, J. W.* Hunt, Henry* Huntsman, Robert* Hurst, Henry* Hurst, William* Jackson, Thomas* James, John* Johnston, Jonathan* Jones, Daniel* Jones, heirs* Jones, Stephen* Kendall, Peter* Kennon, William* Latham, George* Lee, orphans* Lee, Randall* Logan, heirs* Loyd, Thomas* Magehee, Charlis* Markwell, Amelia* Markwell, Landen* Martinez, James* Matthews, James* McAtiney, James* McCarty, David* McCarty, Nathaniel* McClary, John* McCorkle, William* McCracken, Charlie* McFarlow, Robert* McGehee, Charlie* McGowen, James* McIntyre, Daniel* McIntyre, John* Miller, Benjamin* Miller, William* Morgan, George* Morrison, James* Morrison, Robert* Moss, Moses* Mullagan, William* Muse, George* Newcomb, Daniel* Newman, Judith* Park, William C.* Parker, William* Parsons, Isaiah* Patton, James* Peck, Daniel Sr.* Penland, William* Philson, James* Plummer, George* Plummer, Samuel* Pollett, Jonathan* Pollett, Josiah* Quinn, James* Reeves, Asa* Reeves, Spencer* Rice, William* Ringo, L.* Ritchie, John* Robinson, Zacharia* Ross, James D.* Ross, Richard* Saunders, Ackley* Saunders, James* Secrest, Joseph* Spoon, Phillip* Stockton, Joshua* Stockton, Nancy* Story, Janes* Straham, Samuel* Sutton, George* Sweet, Thomas* Tate, Henry* Terhune, Jacob* Threkeld, Ann* Tilson, James* Tout, Abram* Turner, James* Van Landingham, George* Vantrease, Frederick* Vanzant, Aaron* Varney, Francis* Vincent, Levin* Vinson, E.* Walker, James* Walker, William* Walton, John* Wear, John* White, Ihaf* Wills, Andrew* Wills, Samuel* Worthington, Jacob* Wright, James* Wyatt, Jane* Wyatt, Micajah*
Images of Fleming County Wills and Estates, Book D, 1829 to 1834
Alexander, Samuel* Alexander, William* Anderson, Joseph* Andrews, Thomas* Barnes, Basil* Bateman, William* Blair, John* Botts, George W.* Brown, John* L. Callahan, Andrew* Chandler, Nathaniel* Chapman, Draper* Chapman, Henry* Chrisman, Jacob* Clancy, William* Cogswell, Joel* Conway, John* Cornwall, Thomas* Crain, Samuel* Dale, Sibald* Dalrymple, M.* Darnall, Charlie* Darsey, Isabella* Darsey, land division* Davis, Joseph* Davis, William* Dobens, A. C.* Donaldson, Edward* Dudley, Elizabeth* Dulin, William* Dulin, William L.* Emmons, Catherine* Emmons, Joseph* Emmons, William* Filson, Samuel* Fitzgerald, Janas Fleming, William F.* Foxworthy, Thomas* Gamble, Dolly* Gardner, Andrew* Gardner, Henry* Gardner, Nicholas* Glascock, George* Goslin, Joseph* Graham, Andrew* Green, George* Griffin, Thomas* Hackason, John* Hart, John* Haws, Alexander* Hedrick, James* Helvestine, Philip* Henry, Samuel* Hiatt, Micajah* Hixson, Lewis D.* Honakin, Christian* Honide, H. C.* Hood, John* Howe, David* Howe, John* Howe, William L.* Hudson, Elizabeth* Hudson, John* Hunt, John* Hunt, Samuel* Huntsman, Robert* Hurst, Fielden Hurst, William* Ishmael, James* Jackson, Dempsey* Johnson, Peter* Johnston, James* Jones, Daniel* Jones, Joseph* Jones, Martha* Jones, Stephen* Killigah, Jacob* Kirk, Thomas* Lane, Lucy* Lee, Theophilis* Leeper, Andrew* Leforgy, Jesse* Little, Abram* Litton, R. D.* Logan, Elijah* Loyd, Simon* Marks, William* Matt, Christopher* McDonald, Samuel* McIntyre, John* McIntyre, Joseph* McRee, John* McSteny, James* Minor, Richard* Morgan, William P.* Moss, Moses* Mullikin, William* Nealis, Charlie* Nealis, James* Newman, James* Overby, Jacob* Palmer, John* Parris, James* Patterson, Israel* Patterson, Rachel* Patton, Thomas* Pearce, William* Plummer, Reuben* Powers, Mary* Reeves, James* Reeves, Spencer Robertson, Henry* Robertson, William Sr.* Rosser, William* Saffern, Thomas* Saunders, Ackly* Scott, Robert* Shankin, Thomas* Simmons, William* Skinner, Richard* Smith, David* Smith, John* Smith, Peter* Stickrod, Jacob* Story, William* Summers, M.* Summerville, John* Swain, Bennet* Sweet, John* Tatman, Joshua* Threlkeld, Ann* Threlkeld, Cornelius G.* Thelkeld, William* Thomas orphans* Todd, Thomas* Treach, Thomas* Triplett estate Triplett, William* Triplett, James* Vansant, Aaron* Vanzant, Elisha* Walker, Richard G.* Walker, Robert* Wallington, John* Walton, John* Weaver, Phillip* White, John* Wills, Andrew* Wills, Martha* Worthington, Jacob* Yates, Joseph* Young, Robert*